AYURVEDIC MEDICINE

  • Introduction
  • Product Information
  • Composition
  • Research
  • Indications
  • Dosage
  • Contraindications
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference

Lungs
Lungs, heart, trachea, a bronchital tree, and connecting blood vessels all contribute to the ingenious breathing system that brings oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide. Depleted blood converges on the heart from all parts of the body. Passing through the heart's right side, the blood flows into each lung through the pulmonary artery. From there it flows into the smaller pulmonary arterioles, then into capilliaries that surround each of the hundreds of millions of spongy air sacks, or alveoli, inside our lungs.
The alveoli conduct the real business of gas exchange, or respiration. Constructed of fibrous strands of connective tissue and surrounded by the fine network of blood capilliaries with walls a cell thick, the alveoli's moist inner surfaces absorb oxygen molecules from inhaled air. The molecules then diffuse into the surrounding capillaries, carbon dioxide simultaneously passes from the capilliaries into the alveoli and is exhaled.
The blood now rich in oxygen, flows through the pulmonary venules into the pulmonary veins, then through the heart's left side and back out through the aorta into the body's tissues.
Breathing, an action that most of us take for granted, is for millions of people a painful and traumatic experience. Without breath we would be dead, and millions of asthma patients around the world live this near death experience every day of their lives. Asthma is an unusual disease in that it respects no age. It strikes those most vulnerable, the young and the aging as well as all across the age spectrum. It is particularly tragic in infants and young children, who must live the rest of their lives fighting for breath.

What is asthma?
Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the bronchial airways. Three things happen during an asthma attack:


  1. The breathing passage becomes sorely inflamed,
  2. The muscles constrict
  3. Mucus production increases.

This causes severe wheezing and a feeling of breathlessness. Breathing becomes labored and painful.


  1. A Proper diet (restrict the intake of foods that can cause an allergic reaction.)
  2. Alternative medicine that does not have long-term side affects, as do steroids.
  3. Yoga for exercising the bronchial pathways.
  4. Exercise to keep the lungs in top condition.
  5. Avoid areas with high pollen concentrations.
  6. Use air purifiers at home, in the car and at work to remove impurities from the air.

Most modern offices use carpeting and a high concentration of electronic equipment. These lead to a concentration of particulate matter in closed environments and an increase of impurities in the air. For those suffering from asthma, well-ventilated rooms with little or no electronic equipment are desirable. Carpeting should be avoided.

There are two kinds of asthma:

  1. Acute
  2. Chronic

Av AsmoIn the first case there is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes. Inflammation of the cells lining these tubes causes a secretion of sticky mucus. This mucus blocks the air pathways and gives a feeling of breathlessness, coughing is a reaction trying to eliminate the mucus, and there could be spitting up of phlegm. Wheezing is also noticed and occasionally an upper chest pain.

Chronic asthma is characterized by the excessive secretion of mucus in the bronchi. The victims are generally middle aged and older. Chronic bronchitis is

far more prevalent in developing countries where the indiscriminate use of tobacco products, unchecked pollution, poorly ventilated homes using wood fires for cooking and heating, poor industrial safety standards (particularly in the paint industry) are some of the innumerable factors responsible for the high incidence of chronic asthma. However populations in industrialized countries of N America and Europe are also under treat as the consumption of fossil fuels and deforestation continues to grow alarmingly.

AV ASMO is a proprietary herbal formula that does not contain any steroids. It is safe to use over extended periods of time.

Each Capsule of AV ASMO contains extracts of :


  • Adathoda vasica leaf
  • Tylophora asthamatica
  • Coelus forskohli
  • Inula racemosa
  • Ocimum sanctum
  • Alpinia galanga

Adathoda vasica :
Adhatoda vasica Nees is a shrub widespread throughout the tropical regions of southeast Asia. It possesses a wide spectrum of medicinal properties including positive effects on inflammatory diseases. The antiinflammatory activity of the methanol extract, the non-alkaloid fraction, the saponins and the alkaloids was evaluated by the modified hen's egg chorioallantoic membrane test. The alkaloid fraction showed potent activity at a dose of 50 microg/pellet equivalent to that of hydrocortisone while the MeOH extract and the other fractions showed less activity. In another study the antitussive activity of Adhatoda vasica (AV) extract was evaluated in anaesthetized guinea pigs and rabbits and in unanaesthetized guinea pigs. AV was shown to have a good antitussive activity. Intravenously, it was 1/20-1/40 as active as codeine on mechanically and electrically induced coughing in rabbits and guinea-pigs. After oral administration to the guinea-pig the antitussive activity of AV was similar to codeine against coughing induced by irritant aerosols.

Tylophora asthamatica:
The effects of the proprietory extract, the petroleum ether fraction, and the aqueous fraction of the proprietory extract of Tylophora asthmatica on weight of the adrenal gland and its functional activities (as evidenced by its cholesterol and vitamin C content, plasma steroid, hydroxyproline content in skin) and pituitary-adrenal axis were studied using normal, unilaterally adrenalectomised, dexamethasone-treated (steroid suppression of ACTH), and stereotaxically hypophysectomised male albino rats. The extracts showed similar actions (i.e. stimulation of adrenals as indicated by increase in weight and decrease in cholesterol and vitamin C contents). The plasma steroid level was increased but skin hydroxyproline level findings were not conclusive. T. asthmatica was found to antagonise dexamethasone/hypophysectomy-induced suppression of pituitary on activity of the adrenals. It may be concluded that T. asthmatica may act by a direct stimulation of the adrenal cortex.

Coleus forskohlii:
A team of researchers led by Tsukawaki M investigated the relaxant effects of forskolin, a diterpene derivative isolated from the roots of Coleus forskohlii, on guinea pig airway smooth muscle by measuring the isometric tension of tracheal smooth muscle in vitro and transcutaneous Po2 during the histamine inhalation test (HIT) in vivo. Forskolin (10(-9)-10(-5) M) caused dose-dependent relaxant effects on resting tone and on leukotriene C4 (10(-7) M)-, leukotriene D4 (10(-7) M)-, and carbachol (3 X 10(-6) M)-induced contraction of tracheal smooth muscle. Moreover, with propranolol pretreatment the relaxant effect of forskolin on tracheal smooth muscle did not change, whereas with the same pretreatment the relaxant effect of isoproterenol diminished. Forskolin (10(-8)-10(-6) M) raised tissue cyclic AMP levels dose-dependently in tracheal smooth muscle (6.7-359.9 pmol/mg protein). Forskolin (1 mg/kg) administered subcutaneously raised the respiratory threshold of (RT-histamine in the HIT. The determination of the RT-histamine by measuring tcPo2 was possible without anesthesia. These results suggest that forskolin relaxes airway smooth muscle in guinea pigs in vitro and in vivo by raising tissue cyclic AMP levels and that its actions are independent of beta-adrenoceptor.

Inula racemosa:
The proprietory extract of root of Inula racemosa, was studied for its antiallergic effect in experimental models of type I hypersensitivity, viz. egg albumin induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) and mast cell degranulation in albino rats. The proprietory extract was prepared by the process of continuous heat extraction. LD50 of this extract was found to be 2100 +/- 60 mg/kg, i.p. Assessment of protection against egg albumin induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxix by different doses of Inula racemosa was done by giving drug intraperitoneally or orally for seven days or once only. Mast cell degranulation studies were done by using compound 48/80 as degranulation agent with same dosage schedule. Inula racemosa (i.p. as well as p.o.) showed significant protection against egg albumin induced PCA. Protection against compound 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation by proprietory extract of Inula racemosa (single dose) was similar to that of disodium cromoglycate. The seven days drug treatment schedule showed greater protection than disodium cromoglycate intraperitoneally. The results suggest that Inula racemosa possesses potent antiallergic properties in rats.

Ocimum sanctum:
A methanol extract and an aqueous suspension of Ocimum sanctum inhibited acute as well as chronic inflammation in rats as tested by carrageenan-induced pedal edema and croton oil-induced granuloma and exudate, respectively. In both test procedures, the anti-inflammatory response of 500 mg/kg of methanol extract and aqueous suspension was comparable to the response observed with 300 mg/kg of sodium salicylate. Both the extract and suspension showed analgesic activity in the mouse hotplate procedure and the methanol extract caused an increase in the tail-withdrawal reaction time of a subanalgesic dose of morphine. Both preparations reduced typhoid-paratyphoid A/B vaccine-induced pyrexia. The antipyretic action of the methanol extract and aqueous suspension was weaker and of shorter duration than that of 300 mg/kg sodium salicylate. Oral premedication with the methanol extract and the aqueous suspension delayed castor oil-induced diarrhoea in rats

Alpinia Galanga:
The diarylheptanoid 7-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylhept-4-en-3-one (HMP) is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in lesser galangal (Alpinia officinarum). In the present study, we have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory properties of this compound on mouse macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro. Treatment of RAW 264.7 cells with HMP (6.25-25 microM) significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production. This compound also inhibited the release of LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) from human PB-MCs in vitro. In addition, Western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that HMP decreased LPS-induced inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein and mRNA expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, HMP treatment also reduced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) DNA binding induced by LPS in RAW 264.7 cells. To elucidate the molecular mechanism for inhibition of proinflammatory mediators by HMP (25 microM), we have studied the effect of HMP on LPS-induced p38 and p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We observed that the phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells was markedly inhibited by HMP, whereas activation of p38 MAPK was not affected. These results suggested that HMP from lesser galangal suppressed the LPS-induced production of NO, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha and expression of iNOS and COX-2 gene expression by inhibiting NF-kappa B activation and phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK

  • In smokers cough
  • Helps to protect and improve smooth muscles tissue in lungs
  • Helps in preventing coughs
  • For asthmatic problems.
  • Controlling antigen response and reducing histamine release.

1 capsule twice daily after meals.

Not to be taken within 90 minutes of using an inhaler.

Safe to use under supervision.

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  2. Dhuley JN, J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Nov 30;67(3):361-5.
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  4. GuptaOP et al, Indian J Med Res. 1977 Oct;66(4):680-91
  5. Uduppa Al, Uduppa SL & Guruswamuy MN, Planta Med. 1991 Oct;57(5):409-13
  6. Christenson JT, Thulesius O, Nazzal MM, Vasa. 1995;24(1):56-61
  7. Tsukawaki M, Suzuki K, Suzuki R, Takagi K, Satake T. Lung. 1987;165(4):225-37
  8. Srivastava S, Gupta PP, Prasad R, Dixit KS, Palit G, Ali B, Misra G, Saxena RC. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;43(2):235-41
  9. Godhwani S, Godhwani JL, Vyas DS. J Ethnopharmacol. 1987 Nov;21(2):153-63
  10. Yadav PN, Liu Z, Rafi MM, J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jun;305(3):925-31. Epub 2003 Mar

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