AYURVEDIC MEDICINE

  • Introduction
  • Product Information
  • Composition
  • Research
  • Indications
  • Dosage
  • Contraindications
  • Pregnancy
  • Reference

Throat
Cancer cells invade the bronchial tract. Hair like cilia cover the healthy cells. This cancer crowds out normal cells, whose cilia form a carpet of living fibres that normally sweep dust and foriegn particles away from the lungs. A heathy bronchial wall is covered with countless cilia which can be killed or paralysed by cigarette smoke and other pollutants.
Most people have heard of a few Cancers, the list of Cancers is long and perplexing. The one common thread that can be drawn from all Cancers is that they all seem to be caused by a common factor:- Rogue Cells. These Rogue cells, are called Free Radicals. Even though the modern Physician knows that the primary cause of cancers are free radicals, they still use site specific treatments to destroy tumors. The treatment is localized and does not address the core issue. Herbalism looks at the cause of free radicals. It is an established fact that Free Radicals are caused by an immune disorder. The body defense mechanism is impaired and produces self destructive cells that target good cells in the process destroying cellular integrity. Given below is a list of Cancers following which is an explanation of the herbs used to produce AV METACARE.

Cancer is not one disease, but rather many related diseases. Cancer is typed according to the part of the body where it is located and the kind of cells that comprise it. The most common types of cancer cells and their locations are:



  • Carcinomas originate in skin tissue or tissues that line the body cavities and such internal organs as the lungs, breast, colon, and intestines.
  • Sarcomas grow in bones and connective tissues between organs and skin, and sometimes spread into the blood or lymphatic system.
  • Lymphomas are cancers of the lymphatic system, usually occurring in the lymph nodes.
  • Leukemias form in the blood or circulatory system, particularly in the bone marrow, which is the site of blood cell production.
  • Myelomas are tumors of bone marrow cells and frequently form simultaneously in many sites, including the ribs, vertebrae, and pelvic bones.


Types of Cancer:

Bone Cancer ( Ewing’s Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Rhabdomysarcoma)

Ewing’s Family of Tumors: The Ewing's family of tumors include: Ewing's tumor of bone; extraosseus Ewing's (tumor growing outside of the bone); primitive neuroectodermal tumor(PNET), also known as peripheral neuroepithelioma; and Askin's tumor (PNET of the chest wall). These tumors are rare diseases in which cancer (malignant)cells are found in the bone and soft tissues. Ewing's family of tumors most frequently occurs in teenagers.

Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the bone. It is the most common type of bone cancer. In children, it occurs most commonly in the bones around the knee. Osteosarcoma most often occurs in adolescents and young adults.

Brain tumors:

Cancer can occur in any part of the brain or spinal cord. Cancer cells are abnormal cells that divide too often and without any order (Free Radicals). In 1997, about 18,000 new brain tumors were diagnosed, a 50% increase from only ten years ago. They are rare tumors, representing only 1.5% of all cancers reported in the United States. The causes of central nervous system tumors are not known, and scientists cannot explain why brain tumors develop in healthy adults. Certain factors, however, have been identified that may increase a person's chance of developing a brain tumor. For example, workers in the oil refining, rubber manufacturing, and drug manufacturing industries have higher rates of certain types of brain tumors. Researchers are also studying families in whom multiple members have developed the same type of brain tumor to see whether heredity plays a role. They are also looking at the connection between viral infections and exposure to radiation and the development of brain tumors. There is no research to suggest that head injuries cause or increase a person's risk for developing a brain tumor. Because most patients diagnosed with a brain tumor have no identifiable risk factors, it is believed that brain tumors result from a number of factors acting together. Tumors which start in the brain are called primary brain tumors and are classified according to the kind of cell from which the tumor seems to originate. The most common primary brain tumor in adults comes from cells in the brain called astrocytes that make up the blood-brain barrier and contribute to the nutrition of the central nervous system. These tumors are called gliomas (astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, or glioblastoma multiforme) and account for 65% of all primary central nervous system tumors.

Breast Cancer:

The breast is a collection of glands and fatty tissue that lies between the skin and the chest wall. The glands inside the breast produce milk after a woman has a baby. Each gland is also called a lobule, and many lobules make up a lobe. There are 15 to 20 lobes in each breast. The milk gets to the nipple from the glands by way of tubes called ducts. The glands and ducts get bigger when a breast is filled with milk, but the tissue that is most responsible for the size and shape the breast is the fatty tissue. There are also blood vessels and lymph vessels in the breast. Lymph is a clear liquid waste product that gets drained out of the breast into lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, pea-sized pieces of tissue that filter and clean the lymph. Most lymph nodes that drain the breast are under the arm in what is called the axilla.

Breast Cancer happens when cells in the breast begin to grow ( Free Radicals)out of control and can then invade nearby tissues or spread throughout the body. Large collections of this out of control tissue are called tumors. However, some tumors are not really cancer because they cannot spread or threaten someone's life. These are called benign tumors. The tumors that can spread throughout the body or invade nearby tissues are considered cancer and are called malignant tumors. Theoretically, any of the types of tissue in the breast can form a cancer, but usually it comes from either the ducts or the glands. Because it may take months to years for a tumor to get large enough to feel in the breast, we screen for tumors with mammograms, which can sometimes see disease before we can feel it.

Endocrine Cancers: (Adrenal Cancers, Pancreatic Cancer, Parathyroid Cancer, Pituitary Cancer, Thyroid Cancer)
Adrenal cancers: Pheochromocytoma, a rare cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in special cells in the body called chromaffin cells. Most pheochromocytomas start inside the adrenal gland (the adrenal medulla) where most chromaffin cells are located. There are two adrenal glands, one above each kidney in the back of the upper abdomen. Cells in the adrenal glands make important hormones that help the body work properly. Usually pheochromocytoma affects only one adrenal gland. Pheochromocytoma may also start in other parts of the body, such as the area around the heart or bladder.
Most tumors that start in the chromaffin cells do not spread to other parts of the body and are not cancer. These are called benign tumors. If a tumor is found, the doctor will need to determine whether it is cancer or benign.
Pheochromocytomas often cause the adrenal glands to make too many hormones called catecholamines. The extra catecholamines cause high blood pressure(hypertension), which can cause headaches, sweating, pounding of the heart, pain in the chest, and a feeling of anxiety. High blood pressure that goes on for a long time without treatment can lead to heart disease, stroke, and other major health problems.

Pancreatic Cancer:
Pancreatic cancer happens when cells in the pancreas begin to grow out of control(Free Radicals). These cancer cells then have the ability to spread to nearby lymph nodes and organs (such as the liver and lungs). When cancer spreads, it is called metastatic. About seventy percent of pancreatic cancers occur in the head of the pancreas, and most of these begin in the ducts that carry the enzymes.

Parathyroid cancer:
A very rare cancer, is a disease in which cancer(malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the parathyroid gland. The parathyroid gland is at the base of the neck, near the thyroid gland. The parathyroid gland makes a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH), orparathormone, which helps the body store and use calcium.

Problems with the parathyroid gland are common and are usually not caused by cancer. If parathyroid cancer is found, the parathyroid gland may be making too much PTH. This causes too much calcium to be found in the blood. The extra PTH also takes calcium from the bones, which causes pain in the bones, kidney problems, and other types of problems. There are other conditions that can cause the parathyroid gland to make too much PTH. It is important for a doctor to determine what is causing the extra PTH. Hyperparathyroidism is a condition which can cause the body to make extra PTH. If hyperparathyroidism runs in the family, there is a greater chance of getting this type of cancer

Pituitary tumors: are tumors found in the pituitary gland, a small organ about the size of a pea in the center of the brain just above the back of the nose. The pituitary gland makes hormones that affect the growth and the functions of other glands in the body.

Most pituitary tumors are benign. This means that they grow very slowly and do not spread to other parts of the body. Information about craniopharyngioma, another type pituitary tumor, can be found in another summary (refer to the PDQ summaries on Adult Brain Tumors Treatment and Childhood Brain Tumors Treatment for more information on craniopharyngioma).

If a pituitary tumor is found, the pituitary gland may be making too many hormones. This can cause other problems in the body. Tumors that make hormones are called functioning tumors, while those that do not make hormones are called nonfunctioning tumors.

Certain pituitary tumors can cause a disease called Cushing's disease, in which too many hormones called glucocorticoids are released into the bloodstream. This causes fat to build up in the face, back, and chest, and the arms and legs to become very thin. Other symptoms include too much sugar in the blood, weak muscles and bones, a flushed face, and high blood pressure. Other pituitary tumors can cause a condition called acromegaly. Acromegaly means that the hands, feet, and face are larger than normal; in very young people, the whole body may grow much larger than normal. Another type of pituitary tumor can cause the breasts to make milk, even though a woman may not be pregnant; periods may stop as well.

Thyroid cancers: Cancer of the thyroid gland accounts for approximately 1.1% of all malignancies. Its incidence in women is more than twice that in men, and it can occur at any age. Radiation to the head and neck region for benign conditions (such as acne and tonsillitis) during childhood or adolescences is the only well-documented factor in the etiology of thyroid cancer. There is generally a prolonged latency period between radiation exposure and the development of thyroid cancer (over 20 years) with risk increasing as the latency period increases. Patients with an endemic goiter are also thought to be at increased risk for this malignancy.


Other major Cancers are:

  • Gastrointestinal Cancers
  • Gynecological Cancers
  • Head & Neck Cancers
  • Leukemia
  • Lung Cancers
  • Lymphomas
  • Metastases
  • Myelomas
  • Pediatric Cancers
  • Penile Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Sarcomas
  • Skin Cancer
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • Urinary Tract Cancers

AV METACARE is a innovative herbal preparation that addresses the spread of cancerous cells or matastasis. It has two modes of action:

  • Immunomodulatory activity
  • Anti-metastatic activity.

AV METACARE is prepared from selected herbs based on years of research. These herbs have immunomodulatory properties and check the spread of cancerous cells by binding to the E-cadherin protein’s external surface thereby blocking the adhesion of the cancerous cell to good tissue. This process inhibits the spread of cancer and the activity of the herbs in modulating the immune system ensures that the body natural defenses allow the various bio chemical changes in the body to return to normal. The antioxidant capacity of herbs has been recognized by the international medical community as playing a significant role in the protection against cancer as well as in checking the spread of cancer by acting as “free radical scavengers”.

AV METACARE is a unique product as it addresses both issues of protecting normal cells from being targeted by cancer cells, and well as destroying free radicals that cause cancer.

Each Capsule of AV METACARE contains:


  • Withania somnifera extract
  • Tinospora cordifolia extract
  • Ocimum sanctum extract
  • Citrus aurantium extract

Withania somnifera:
One of Ayurveda’s most powerful herbs, Withania somnifera has been the subject of over 100 international clinical studies. The role of the herb in various immune disorders, endocrine disorders, its anti-inflammatory activity, the anxiolytic activity of its extracts has been established beyond doubt. Yet, the most important activity of Withania remains its potent immunomodulating activity. A study Davis L, & Kuttan G, showed the effect of Withania somnifera on the cellular immune responses (CMI) was studied in normal as well as tumour bearing animals. Administration of Withania extract was found to enhance the proliferation of lymphocytes, bone marrow cells and thymocytes in responses to mitogens. Both PHA and Con A mitogens along with Withania treated splenocytes, bone marrow cells and thymocytes could stimulate proliferation twice greater than the normal. Withania treated splenocytes along with the mitogen LPS (10 microg/ml) could stimulate the lymphocyte proliferation six times more than the normal. Natural killer cell activity (NK) was found to be enhanced significantly in both the normal and the tumour bearing group and it was found to be earlier than the control (48.92% cell lysis). Antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was found to be enhanced in the Withania treated group on the 9th day (65% cell lysis). An early Antibody dependent complement mediated cytotoxicity (ACC) was observed in the Withania treated group on day 13 (47% cell lysis). J Prakash and co workers demonstrated the chemopreventive effect of Withania somnifera hydroproprietory root extract (WSRE) on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced skin cancer in Swiss albino mice. The skin lesions were induced by the twice-weekly topical application of DMBA (100 nmol/ 100 microliters acetone) for 8 wk on the shaved back of mice. WSRE was administered at the maximal tolerated dose of 400 mg/kg p.o. three times per week on alternate days 1 wk before DMBA and continued for 24 wk thereafter. The results of the study revealed a significant decrease in incidence and average number of skin lesions in mice compared with DMBA alone at the end of Week 24. Biochemical parameters were assessed in the lesions of WSRE-treated and untreated control mice. A significant impairment was noticed in the levels of reduced glutathione, malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase in skin lesions of DMBA-treated control mice compared with vehicle-treated mice. These parameters were returned to near normal by administration of WSRE to DMBA-treated mice. The above findings were supported by histopathological studies. From the present study, it can be inferred that WRSE possesses potential chemopreventive activity in this experimental model of cancer. The chemopreventive activity may be linked to the antioxidant/free radical-scavenging constituents of the extract. The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties of WSRE are also likely to contribute to its chemopreventive action.

In a study by Russo A, and co workers the free radical scavenging capacity of methanolic extracts from Witania Somnifera was investigated as well as and the effect on DNA cleavage induced by H2O2 UV-photholysis. In addition, the investigators investigated whether the plant extracts are capable of reducing the hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage in human non-immortalized fibroblasts. The extract showed a dose-dependent free radical scavenging capacity and a protective effect on DNA cleavage;. These results were confirmed by a significant protective effect on H2O2-induced cytoxicity and DNA damage in human non-immortalized fibroblasts. These antioxidant effects of active principle of Withania Somnifera may explain, at least in part, the reported anti-stress, immunomodulatory, cognition-facilitating, anti-inflammatory and antiaging effects produced by the plant extracts in experimental animal and in clinical situations and may justify the further investigation of its other beneficial biological properties.

Tinospora cordifolia:
A reputed immunoprotector, this herb is used in Ayurveda for longevity. Its role as an immunoprotector has been established in various clinical trials and the extract of this herb has demonstrated significant immunomodulating properties.

Aqueous extract of T. cordifolia inhibited Fenton (FeSO4) reaction and radiation mediated 2-deoxyribose degradation in a dose dependent fashion with an IC50 value of 700 microg/ml for both Fenton and radiation mediated 2-DR degradation. Similarly, it showed a moderate but dose dependent inhibition of chemically generated superoxide anion at 500 microg/ml concentration and above with an IC50 value of 2000 microg/ml. Aqueous extract inhibited the formation of Fe2+-bipiridyl complex and formation of comet tail by chelating Fe2+ ions in a dose dependent manner with an IC50 value of 150 microg/ml for Fe2+-bipirydyl formation and maximally 200 microg/ml for comet tail formation, respectively. The extract inhibited ferrous sulphate mediated lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 1300 microg/ml and maximally (70%) at 2000 microg/ml. The results reveal that the direct and indirect antioxidant actions of T. cordifolia probably act in corroboration to manifest the overall radioprotective effects.

Jagetia and co workers have shown that the exposure of HeLa cells to 0, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 microg/ml of Tinospora cordifolia extracts (methanol, aqueous and methylene chloride) resulted in a dose-dependent but significant increase in cell killing, when compared to non-drug-treated controls. The effects of methanol and aqueous extracts were almost identical. However, methylene chloride extract enhanced the cell killing effect by 2.8- and 6.8-fold when compared either to methanol or aqueous extract at 50 and 100 microg/ml, respectively. Conversely, the frequency of micronuclei increased in a concentration-dependent manner in Tinospora cordifolia-treated groups and this increase in the frequency of micronuclei was significantly higher than the non-drug-treated control cultures and also with respect to 5 microg/ml Tinospora cordifolia extract-treated cultures, at the rest of the concentrations evaluated. Furthermore, the micronuclei formation was higher in the methylene chloride extract-treated group than in the other two groups. The dose response relationship for all three extracts evaluated was linear quadratic. The effect of Tinospora cordifolia extracts was comparable or better than doxorubicin treatment. The micronuclei induction was correlated with the surviving fraction of cells and the correlation between cell survival and micronuclei induction was found to be linear quadratic. Our results demonstrate that Tinospora cordifolia killed the cells very effectively in vitro and deserves attention as an antineoplastic agent

Ocimum sanctum:
Holy Basil as it is commonly known is considered a herb of the Gods. Its adaptogenic properties make this a particularly important plants in the prevention of immune disorders. Researchers at the Department of Horticulture and National Food Safety and Toxicology, Michigan State University, USA. have demonstrated the antioxidant activity of the herb extracts.Two Researchers, Vrinda B & Uma Devi P , have shown that Orientin (Ot) and Vicenin (Vc), two water-soluble flavonoids isolated from the leaves of Indian holy basil Ocimum sanctum have shown significant protection against radiation lethality and chromosomal aberrations in vivo.

Other researchers at The Department of Horticulture and National Food Safety and Toxicology, Michigan State University, USA have demonstrated the anti-oxidant activity by bioassay-directed extraction of the fresh leaves and stems of Ocimum sanctum and purification of the extract yielded the following compounds; cirsilineol [1], cirsimaritin [2], isothymusin [3], isothymonin [4], apigenin [5], rosmarinic acid [6], and appreciable quantities of eugenol. The structures of compounds 1-6 were established using spectroscopic methods. Compounds 1 and 5 were isolated previously from O. sanctum whereas compounds 2 and 3 are here identified for the first time from O. sanctum. Eugenol, a major component of the volatile oil, and compounds 1, 3, 4, and 6 demonstrated good antioxidant activity at 10-microM concentrations. Anti-inflammatory activity or cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity of these compounds were observed. Eugenol demonstrated 97% cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitory activity when assayed at 1000-microM concentrations. Compounds 1, 2, and 4-6 displayed 37, 50, 37, 65, and 58% cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitory activity, respectively, when assayed at 1000-microM concentrations.

Researchers studying the incidence of papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas have shown that these significantly reduced, and treatment with extracts of Ocimum sanctum increased the survival rate in the topically applied leaf paste and orally administered extracts to animals. Orally administered aqueous extract have showed profound effect in Histopathological observations made on the mucosa confirmed these findings. Further fluorescent spectral studies at 405 nm excitation on the mucosa of control, DMBA and extracts orally administered experimental animals showed a prominent maxima at 430 nm for control, 628 nm for DMBA induced carcinomas while aqueous and ethanolic extracts administered animals showed at 486 nm and 488 nm, respectively. The fluorescent intensity at 630 nm (FI630 nm) was significantly reduced and the ratio of fluorescent intensities at 520 nm and 630 nm (FI520 nm/630 nm) were significantly increased in orally administered extracts compared to DMBA treated animals. These observations suggest that the orally administered extract of O. sanctum may have the ability to prevent the early events of carcinogenesis.

A study by Banerjee S and co workers, reports the modulatory influence of proprietory extract from the leaves of Ocimum sanctum on the activities of cytochrome p-450, cytochrome b5, and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase enzymes in the liver and glutathione-S-transferase and reduced glutathione level in the liver, lung, and stomach of the mouse. Oral treatment with the leaf extract at 400 and 800 mg/kg body wt for 15 days would significantly elevate the activities of cytochrome p-450 (p < 0.05), cytochrome b5 (p < 0.01, p < 0.001), aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (p < 0.05), and glutathione S-transferase (p < 0.05, p < 0.01), all of which are important in the detoxification of carcinogens as well as mutagens. Moreover treatment with 400 and 800 mg/kg body wt of Ocimum extract for 15 days also significantly elevated extrahepatic glutathione-S-transferase (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). The reduced glutathione level was also elevated by treatment with the leaf extract in liver, lung, and stomach tissues (p < 0.01, p < 0.001). Mice fed a diet containing 0.75% butylated hydroxyanisole (positive control) revealed no alteration in the basal hepatic cytochrome p-450 and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase level, but hepatic cytochrome b5 and glutathione S-transferase activity in hepatic and extrahepatic organs were elevated in a time-responsive manner (p < 0.05, p < 0.001). The observations suggest further exploitation of the Ocimum leaf extract or its active principle(s) for the chemoprevention of chemical carcinogenesis in different animal model systems.

Citrus aurantium:
Modified pectins extracted from this plant yield compounds that have anti-metastatic activity. Avraham Raz, PhD, director of the tumor progression and metastasis lab at Detroit's Barbara Ann Karamanos Cancer Institute, became interested in the way cancer cells clump together to form tumors. He found that this clumping needed sticky sugars -- and that pectins can keep these sugars from sticking. Normal pectins won't work in the blood stream. But Raz's team found a way to alter pectin so that it could be digested and enter the blood. And that's not all. In a recent issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Raz and colleagues showed that these modified citrus pectins cut the size of tumors in mice with implanted human breast and colon cancers.

A team of researchers at Wayne State University, School of Medicine, and Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, MI, USA. studied the effects of high pH- and temperature-modified citrus pectin (MCP), a nondigestible, water-soluble polysaccharide fiber derived from citrus fruit that specifically inhibits the carbohydrate-binding protein galectin-3, on tumor growth and metastasis in vivo and on galectin-3-mediated functions in vitro. METHODS: In vivo tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis were studied in athymic mice that had been fed with MCP in their drinking water and then injected orthotopically with human breast carcinoma cells (MDA-MB-435) into the mammary fat pad region or with human colon carcinoma cells (LSLiM6) into the cecum. Galectin-3-mediated functions during tumor angiogenesis in vitro were studied by assessing the effect of MCP on capillary tube formation by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in Matrigel. The effects of MCP on galectin-3-induced HUVEC chemotaxis and on HUVEC binding to MDA-MB-435 cells in vitro were studied using Boyden chamber and labeling assays, respectively. The data were analyzed by two-sided Student's t test or Fisher's protected least-significant-difference test.

RESULTS:
Tumor growth, angiogenesis, and spontaneous metastasis in vivo were statistically significantly reduced in mice fed MCP. In vitro, MCP inhibited HUVEC morphogenesis (capillary tube formation) in a dose-dependent manner. In vitro, MCP inhibited the binding of galectin-3 to HUVECs: At concentrations of 0.1% and 0.25%, MCP inhibited the binding of galectin-3 (10 micro g/mL) to HUVECs by 72.1% (P =.038) and 95.8% (P =.025), respectively, and at a concentration of 0.25% it inhibited the binding of galectin-3 (1 micro g/mL) to HUVECs by 100% (P =.032). MCP blocked chemotaxis of HUVECs toward galectin-3 in a dose-dependent manner, reducing it by 68% at 0.005% (P<.001) and inhibiting it completely at 0.1% (P<.001). Finally, MCP also inhibited adhesion of MDA-MB-435 cells, which express galectin-3, to HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: MCP, given orally, inhibits carbohydrate-mediated tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis in vivo, presumably via its effects on galectin-3 function. These data stress the importance of dietary carbohydrate compounds as agents for the prevention and/or treatment of cancer.

Researchers at Texas A&M University-Kingsville Citrus Center, Weslaco, TX 78596, USA.undertook a study to characterize the pectin from four citrus species and to determine their in vitro inhibitory activities on the binding of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) to the FGF receptor (FGFR). Pectin from various parts of lemon, grapefruit, tangerine, and orange were isolated and characterized. Tangerine had the highest pectin content among the four citrus species. Segment membrane contained as much as or more pectin than flavedo/albedo. Anhydrogalacturonic content was highest in pectin from segment membrane of tangerine and flavedo/albedo of grapefruit. Lemon pectin contained the highest methoxyl content (MC), and grapefruit contained the largest proportion of lower molecular weight (<10000 Da) pectin. Tangerine contained the highest neutral sugar in both flavedo/albedo and segment membrane. The interdependency of heparin on factor-receptor interaction provides a means for identifying new antagonists of growth factor activity and thus for treatment of various diseases. These results showed that pectin significantly inhibited the binding of FGF-1 to FGFR1 in the presence of 0.1 microg/mL heparin. The pectin from the segment membrane of lemon was the most potent inhibitor. The inhibition activity was significantly correlated with sugar content, MC, and size of pectin. Kinetic studies revealed a competitive nature of pectin inhibition with the heparin, a crucial component of the FGF signal transduction process. The observation that the heparin-dependent biological activity of FGF signal transduction is antagonized by citrus pectin should be further investigated for the use of these pectins as anti-growth factor agents for potential health benefits.

AV Metacare acts by:

  • Protecting against Free Radical damage.
  • Restores cellular integrity.
  • Regulating the immune response.
  • Reducing metastasis

1-2 Capsules, two to three times a day

None reported

Safe to take under supervision.

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